Bangladesh’s healthcare sector is open to 100 percent Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and offers enticing incentives for new entrants, including tax holidays for eligible hospitals. This supportive environment has laid the groundwork for a thriving healthcare ecosystem. It’s worth noting that tertiary healthcare facilities, medical college hospitals, specialized institutes, and maternity hospitals are strategically located across different regions, ensuring comprehensive healthcare coverage. The secondary healthcare sector comprises district hospitals and general hospitals, while primary healthcare is delivered through Upazila Health Complexes, TB Clinics, and other facilities. Moreover, the rapid expansion of daycare facilities such as Upazila Sub-centers and Community Clinics bolsters access to essential healthcare services.
These developments are underpinned by robust market dynamics, including a large and increasingly affluent domestic market. Around 30 to 40 million people are forecasted to transition to the middle-income class by 2025, driving healthcare demand. Despite a low per capita healthcare spending, of $50, there’s a clear growth trajectory, with spending on healthcare rising steadily. The recent surge in telemedicine usage, driven by increased internet penetration and the COVID-19 pandemic, is reshaping how healthcare services are accessed and delivered. Bangladesh’s aging population, changing disease patterns with a growing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), and the government’s commitment to universal healthcare coverage by 2032 underscore the sector’s significance.
In summary, the healthcare sector in Bangladesh is characterized by favorable government policies, a burgeoning middle-class population with increasing affordability, and a shifting healthcare landscape driven by technological advancements and changing demographics. These factors collectively make Bangladesh an attractive destination for investors looking to contribute to the nation’s healthcare development while capitalizing on significant growth opportunities.
In Bangladesh’s healthcare scene by the end of 2019, there’s a striking divide between public and private healthcare. The Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS) oversaw 255 public hospitals, 5,054 private hospitals and clinics, and 9,529 diagnostic centers, totaling a substantial 143,394 hospital beds. However, the usage patterns differ significantly.
|Upazila Sub-centers & Community Clinics
|Upazila Health Complexes, TB Clinics, Upazila Family Planning Office
|District Hospitals, General Hospitals, 100-250 Bed Hospitals
|Medical College Hospitals, Specialized Institutes, Maternity Hospitals
Public hospitals, offering heavily subsidized prices to make healthcare accessible to lower-income folks, often struggle with overcrowding and somewhat lower hygiene and management standards. Consequently, those who can afford it tend to opt for private hospitals, known for their better quality of care and superior facilities. This dual healthcare system, catering to a variety of needs and financial situations, defines the healthcare market dynamics in Bangladesh.
In a significant move, an American investment firm has recently acquired control of Apollo Hospitals, the country’s sole Joint Commission International (JCI) accredited hospital, representing a substantial investment of around USD 100 million. This acquisition reinforces international investors to be a part of the commitment to elevating healthcare services in Bangladesh.
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